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Python class and instance variables

In this article, you will learn about what is Python class and instance variables using appropriate examples. If you learn Python object-oriented programming, Then you will always touch with class and instance variables.

At the end of this article, you are completely clear with class and instance variables in python.

To understand this article you should have basic knowledge of Python Programming. Python Object Oriented Programming allows variables on instance level and class level.

Let’s understand what is python class and instance variables.

Python class variables

Python Class variables define within class construction. Class variables owned by the class itself, class variables in Python shared by all the instances or objects of the class.
Any instance or object accesses the class variable but can not be changed.

In Python class variable always define out side of the all methods.

Example:

class Tiger:
	type = "Tiger is an animal"
	def display(self):
		print(self.type)
			
obj1 = Tiger()
print(obj1.type)
obj1.display()
print("--------")
obj2 = Tiger()
print(obj2.type)
obj2.display()

Output

Tiger is an animal
Tiger is an animal
--------
Tiger is an animal
Tiger is an animal

Here we create two instances or objects of the Tiger class and access class variable ‘type‘ and method using (.) dot symbol.

Here type is the class variable of Tiger class because it defines within the class and the class variable only be the property of the class.

Python instance variables

The Python instance variables are different from the class variable because the class variable defines within the class but the instance variable defines within methods. The instance variable is owned by the instance or object of the class.

Example:

class Profile:		
    def __init__(self, name, age):
        self.myage = age
        self.myname = name
    def display(self):
	    print(f"my name is {self.myname} and my age is {self.myage}")

obj1 = Profile('John', 20)
obj1.display()


#access instance variable
print(obj1.myname)
print(obj1.myage)

Output

my name is John and my age is 20
John
20

You can check all the instance variable of instance using dir() function.

print(dir(obj1)

You can create an instance variable using an instance or object of the class. let’s create an instance variable address using obj1 object or instance.

Example:

class Profile:		
    def __init__(self, name, age):
        self.myage = age
        self.myname = name
    def display(self):
	    print(f"my name is {self.myname} and my age is {self.myage}")


obj1 = Profile('John', 20)
obj1.display()

#access instance varibale
print(obj1.myname)
print(obj1.myage)

#create instance variable address
obj1.address  = 'India'
print(obj1.address)

Output

my name is John and my age is 20
John
20
India

Conclusion

In this article, you have learned all about Python class and instance variables along with examples. This is the part of Python object-oriented programming.

If we talk about python class and instance variables, Then the python class variables associate with the class itself but the python instance variables associate with instance or object.

If you like this python class and instance variables article, please share it and keep visiting for further Python tutorials.

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FAQs About python class and instance variables

What are class and instance variables in Python?

Ans:- Class variables are variables that asscociated with class itself.Class variable create outside of the class and shared by all the instances of the class.You can’t change the class variable using object of the class.

Does Python have class variables?

Ans:- Class variables in Python defined within class and value of the class variable will be the same across all the instances of the class. Python class variables do not change using the instance or object of the class.

What are Python variables?

Ans:- A Python variable is reserved memory location to store value for future usages.

Does Python have instance variables?

Ans:-Instance variable in python associated with object itselt.Each instance have unique instance variables.

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