**Python Operators Tutorial**

In this article, you will learn about **Python operators** as well as you will learn different types of operators in Python using appropriate examples. In previous we have seen all about **Python comments** and its usages. Any programming languages, Operators play a major role using Operators we can perform different types of operations.

In Python, operators are used to performing a specific task using variables and values.

**Python Operators Tutorial**

Before going through this tutorial, Let’s understand what is operators in Python?

**What is Python operators ?**

In **Python**, the operator is a symbol which performs a specific task using variable and values. The value that the operator operates is called an operand.

**Example**

```
x = 12
y = 23
print(x + y)
```

In the above example **+** is the operator that performs addition. **12 **and **23** is the operand in this example and + is the operator.

In Python, There are different types of operators available:

**Types of Python Operators **

**Arithmetic Operator****Assignment Operator****Comparison Operator****Logical Operator****Identity Operator****Membership Operator****Bitwise Operator**

**Python Arithmetic Operators:**

In Python, Arithmetic Operators are used to performing MathematicalÂ operations like addition, division, multiplication, and subtraction.

Python Operators | Meaning |
---|---|

+ | Add two operands or unary plus |

– | Subtract right operand from left operand or unary minus |

* | Multiply two operands |

/ | Divide left operand by right one |

% | Modulus – the remainder of the division. |

// | Floor division |

** | Exponent |

**Example**

```
x = 18
y = 5
print('x + y:- ', x + y)
print('x -y:- ', x - y)
print('x * y:- ', x * y)
print('x / y:- ', x / y)
print('x % y:- ', x % y)
print('x // y:- ', x // y)
print('x ** y:- ', x ** y)
```

**Output**

```
x + y:- 23
x -y:- 13
x * y:- 90
x / y:- 3.6
x % y:- 3
x // y:- 3
x ** y:- 1889568
```

**Python** **Assignment Operator:**

In Python, Assignment operator is used to assign the value to variables.

Operators | Examples | Equivalent To |
---|---|---|

= | x = 10 | x = 10 |

+= | x += 20 | x = x + 20 |

-= | x -= 19 | x = x – 10 |

*= | x *= 20 | x = x * 20 |

/= | x /= 5 | x = x / 5 |

//= | x //= 20 | x = x // 20 |

**= | x /= 20 | x = x / 20 |

%= | x %= 20 | x = x % 20 |

&= | x &= 20 | x = x & 20 |

|= | x |= 20 | x = x | 20 |

= | x >>= 20 | x = x >> 20 |

<<= | x <<= 20 | x = x << 20 |

**Comparison Operator:**

**Python Comparison operators** are used to compare one operand to another operand.

Operators | Meaning |
---|---|

> | Greater Than |

< | Less Than |

<= | Less Than or Equal To |

>= | Greater Than or Equal To |

!= | Not Equal To |

== | Equal To |

**Examples**

```
x = 25
y = 19
print(x > y)
print(x < y)
print(x != y)
print(x <= y)
print(x >= y)
print(x == y)
```

**Output**

```
True
False
True
False
True
False
```

**Logical Operators in Python:**

In Python, Logical operators are used to combine conditional statement.

Operators | Meaning |
---|---|

or | Return True if one of the statement is true |

and | Return True if both the statement are true |

not | Reverse the result, return False if the result is true. |

**Examples**

```
x = 12
print(x < 20 or x < 3)
print(x < 30 and x > 4)
print(not(x < 30 and x > 4))
```

**Output**

```
True
True
False
```

**Python Identity Operators:**

**is **and **is not** are the identity operators in Python. They are used to check if two values (or variables) are located on the same part of the memory. Two variables that are equal does not imply that they are identical.

Operators | Meaning |
---|---|

is | Return True if the object is identical |

is not | Return true if object is identical |

**Example**

```
x1 = 23
y1 = 23
x2 = 'Python'
y2 = 'Python'
x3 = [1,2,3]
y3 = [1,2,3]
print(x1 is y1)
print(x2 is not y2)
print(x3 is y3)
```

**Output**

```
True
False
False
```

**Python Membership Operator:**

Membership operators is used to check if a sequence present in the object.

Operators | Meaning |
---|---|

in | Return true if a sequence present in the object |

not in | Return True if a sequence not present in the object. |

**Examples**

```
x = 'Programming Funda'
print('P' in x)
print('Funda' not in x)
```

**Output**

```
True
False
```

**Python Bitwise Operator**

Bitwise operator are used to compare binary numbers.

Operators | Meaning |
---|---|

& | Bitwise AND |

| | Bitwise OR |

^ | Bitwise XOR |

~ | Bitwise not |

>> | Bitwise ZERO FILL RIGHT SHILT |

<< | Bitwise ZERO FILL LEFT SHILT |

**Conclusion**

So, In this article, you have learned what is Python operators and **Python operators** types and usages. In Python, Operators are used to performing any particular task for example addition, division, comparison, and so many more operations can perform by operators. I hope this tutorial will have helped you. If you like this Python operators tutorial, if you have any doubt regarding Python operators, Then you can comments.

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